The Alamo National Historic Landmark

On the morning of March 6, 1836, approximately 187 Texas defenders lost their lives at the Alamo fighting the overwhelming forces of the Mexican army commanded by Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna. Counted among the dead were James Bowie, David Crockett and William B. Travis. The defenders had repelled the Mexican forces for thirteen days before their crushing defeat. It is their courage and tenacity in the face of overwhelming odds that secured the Alamo’s place in Texas history. Their memory was invoked as the battle cry in the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836 where Texan forces led by General Sam Houston vanquished the Mexican army commanded by General Santa Anna. The Alamo’s military significance has greatly overshadowed that of its early beginnings. It was originally established in 1724 as a Spanish mission, Misión San Antonio de Valero, the oldest of a series of five Spanish missions scattered along the San Antonio River. Today in downtown San Antonio merely a portion of the original mission compound remains as a result of urbanization. It is contained within a 4-acre historical complex maintained by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. The chapel of the Alamo stands as a shrine to the memory of its defenders and exhibits artifacts from the battle. The complex also includes a museum, library and gift shop.

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Links: Alamo National Historic Site