Mine Creek Battlefield State Historic Site

In an effort to capture Missouri for the Confederacy, General Sterling Price and about 12,000 Confederate soldiers invaded that state in 1864. When his attempt to capture St. Louis failed, Price turned his attention to Kansas. Following the Missouri River, Price’s army made its way towards Kansas City. Alerted of the pending invasion, Kansas Governor Thomas Carny called out the Kansas State Militia which was combined with Federal troops under General Samuel R. Curtis to form the Army of the Border. The battle was joined on October 19th, 1864 at Lexington and the Battle of Big Blue on October 22. After initial victories, the Confederates were defeated at Westport and forced to retreat south. Guarding the rear of this retreat, General John Marmaduke was attacked by pursuing Union Cavalry on the north bank of Mine Creek. The charging Union Cavalry numbered only 2,500, but was able to affectively destroy the Confederate force that numbered 7,000. After this crushing defeat at the battle of Mine Creek, Confederate General Price was eventually forced to withdraw into Arkansas, essentially ending the Civil War in the west. Today, signs mark the location of important events in the battle.

Location Map and Directions: Click Here

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