Fort Popham is located at the mouth of the Kennebec River, near the place where English colonists made their first attempt to establish a settlement in New England in 1607. (The Popham colony, unlike the colony established at Jamestown the same year, did not survive.) Fortifications were erected at the site of Fort Popham to protect the communities along the Kennebec River during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Fort Popham itself is a semi-circular granite fort with thirty-foot walls. It was built in 1861 to protect the maine coast from Confederate raiders. Modifications were made during the late nineteenth century and the fort remained garrison in the Spanish American War and World War I.
Fort Popham State Historic Site is located on Route 209 near Phippsburg, Maine 04562, 15 miles from Bath and two miles away from Popham Beach State Park.
Colonial Pemaquid is located at the mouth of the Pemaquid River near Bristol, Maine. The site was a frontier settlement in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. A fort, called William Henry, was constructed to protect the settlement from Indian raids and pirate attacks. Archaeological excavations have unearthed the foundations of colonial structures and the officers’ quarters at Fort William Henry. A museum displays many artifacts uncovered at the site, including musket balls, coins, pottery, and early hardware. The site includes a reconstruction of Fort William Henry, which also houses museum exhibits. Guided tours are available during the summer months.
Colonial Pemaquid is located four miles from Damariscotta on Maine Route 129, then take Maine Route 130 for nine miles, bear right one mile.
The first fortifications were erected on Kittery Point during the French and Indian Wars in the eighteenth century. Fort McClary was occupied during the Revolutionary War but never attacked by the British. The fortifications were strengthened several times during the nineteenth century, and the fort continued to be garrisoned during the War of 1812, the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, and World War I. Although Fort McClary is one of the few forts in the country that was in active service during five wars, it never came under fire. The buildings preserved in the present state historic site come from several different periods during which the fort was garrisoned.
Fort McClary State Historic Site is located at Kittery Point Road, Route 103, in Kittery, Maine 03904, two and a half miles from U.S. Route 1 and Maine Turnpike on Kittery Point Road (Route 103) (turn at rotary).
The College Club Inn (now known as Watchtide by the Sea) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for the manner inwhich it reflects the proliferation of road side accommodations in early twentieth century Maine,and in particular the conversion of eighteenth and nineteenth century farmsteads for this use. The College Club Inn is located along Route 1, the state’s principal highway corridor, this is the coastal route that extended eastward from Maine’s border with New Hampshire. The development of road side facilities for auto tourist witnessed explosive growth in the early twentieth century, especially after World War I. Automobile guide books, promotional materials and annual editions of the Maine Register illustrate the continuous rise of road side service stations, motor courts, inns and restaurants along the corridor. Over one hundred extant historic motor courts recently identified are evidence of this proliferation. The practice of converting eighteenth and nineteenth century residential buildings into inns and restaurants to accommodate tourists appears to be widespread throughout Maine. The College Club Inn is a property that illustrates this pattern of reuse. The College Club Inn is a one and a half story, five bay frame cape with a front porch which is linked to a two story barn by a one story wing. Interior remnants of Greek Revival style, common to early nineteenth century New England style tradition houses, are visible the two rooms off of the central hall. The house also exhibits details of the Federal or Adam style with the fanlights and porch. The wing links the cape to the barn, the barn is oriented toward Route 1, gable end facing the road. The complex was built around 1800 as a single family residence and was converted in the first quarter of the century to a tea room and inn catering to automobile tourists. The early history of the house is not well known. It was acquired by George Pettee in 1902 as a summer house. Family oral history indicates that in 1917, his daughter a graduate of Wellesley College opened a tea room. The 1921Automobile Blue Book carries an advertisement which advises the motorist to “Make Advance Reservations, if possible, for over night accommodations.
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