Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Florida

We often forget that the English, and even the French, were relative latecomers to the New World and even to North America. You can be reminded of that at Castillo de San Marcos, which was built 1672-1695 to guard St. Augustine, the first permanent European settlement in what is now the continental United States. The castle, a fine example of early modern European fortification engineering, also protected the sea route for treasure ships carrying the gold and silver of the New World to Spain. During the 18th century the fort changed hands between the Spanish and British before passing into American hands when the United States purchased Florida from Spain in 1821.

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Links: Castillo de San Marcos National Monument

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